Workday观点：如何解决企业未来的人才？ Taking the Next Steps for Tomorrow's Talent
作者：Leighanne Levensaler，workday高级副总裁，企业战略，工作日兼董事总经理兼Workday Ventures联席主管
我和一群商业和教育领袖，参加了在纽约举行的彭博下一个论坛(Bloomberg Next forum)。这次论坛的主题是：在如此大的变革中，我们如何才能更好地培养和支持我们的员工队伍。
By Leighanne Levensaler, Senior Vice President, Corporate Strategy, Workday & Managing Director and Co-Head, Workday Ventures
I recently joined a group of business and education leaders for a Bloomberg Next forum in New York that focused on how we can work together to best nurture and support our workforces in the midst of so much change.
Aptly named Tomorrow’s Talent, the forum covered a number of timely challenges, ranging from how we can better prepare graduates for the workplace, to how we can reskill current workers in the age of artificial intelligence and automation, to how businesses and educators can better collaborate.
Knowing that people are the heart of every enterprise, we at Workday are passionate about being an active participant in finding the solutions to these complex issues. That’s why we partnered closely with Bloomberg Next on the event, including a study that surveyed business and education leaders’ views on these topics and more. Not surprisingly, the findings confirm there’s a lot more work to do.
So where do we start? I shared some ideas in a blog prior to the forum. Following our insightful and inspiring discussions in New York, here are some additional ideas.
Solve Locally First
Our world faces significant challenges related to workforce development. We’d all like a systematic macro answer. The reality is that these problems are far too broad and complex to be addressed with a single universal solution. It’s best to start working locally to learn and gain momentum.
For example, are there community colleges or trade schools that offer classes that could prepare workers for an anticipated shift in skill sets? Are there local higher education feeder schools that your organization could broaden the dialogue with on how to better prepare students with both the hard and soft skills they need?
With constant innovation comes the constant change of needed skills.
At Workday, we’ve partnered with universities in our communities to have our technologists serve as guest lecturers and help students prepare for the real world. I would encourage all organizations to explore these types of opportunities, because as one participant said, “If you’re sitting still, you’re falling behind.”
Seek Out New Sources of External Talent
Businesses say they can’t find the talent they need. But could the problem stem from always returning to the same pond to fish—a pond that only has candidates with specific types of higher education degrees or job experiences? Companies need to consider whether they are practicing pedigree hiring by over-credentialing job requirements. A willingness to learn “how” is a stronger attribute than a willingness to learn “what,” especially in today’s rapidly changing world.
What’s more, pedigree hiring works against an organization’s efforts to create a more diverse and inclusive workforce. At Workday, we’ve had great success partnering with organizations such as Year Up and Opportunity@Work to gain talent that didn’t follow the traditional path from high school to college to career, yet have proved to be incredible colleagues. We know that a diverse and inclusive workforce makes for a happier workplace and results in greater business outcomes.
Source from Within
Some of our best talent is often right under our noses, but not necessarily in positions that can utilize their full potential or provide the opportunity to grow. That’s why it’s critical to truly know your talent.
How do you do that? By regularly using technology to take inventory of your people and their skills across the organization, democratizing learning experiences so that everyone has access to them, and building a culture of mobility and opportunity. This requires being radically transparent in communicating opportunities for career growth.
Embrace the Velocity of Innovation
Our dear friend, innovation. There’s no stopping it and we don’t want to. Innovation is a great thing for all of us, but it creates challenges in workforce development. With constant innovation comes the constant change of needed skills.
The problem is, not enough companies are willing to put more skin in the game when it comes to reskilling. In the Workday and Bloomberg Next survey, half of the corporate respondents anticipate facing budget constraints when deploying a plan to address the impact of emerging technologies on the workforce. So let me ask this: If a company is willing to put time, money, and resources behind responding to innovations that impact its competitive landscape or business model, why wouldn’t it also invest in innovations that impact its workforce?
Only 30 percent of corporations and 39 percent of educators say they are collaborating to help reskill and retrain employees.
Partnerships with other organizations can help ease the burden. Jon Kaplan, vice president of training and development at Discover Financial Services, discussed how their company is using Guild Education to manage a number of aspects of its recently announced Discover College Commitment program, which provides a full tuition ride for all employees seeking to pursue a university degree online from one of three selected universities.
The program got a lot of interest from the forum audience because it’s truly unique. Consider that only 30 percent of corporations and 39 percent of educators say they are collaborating to help reskill and retrain employees, according to the survey. I’m sure we can be more innovative about how we work together to address the impact of innovation. Another idea: What about partnering with researchers at educational institutions to help define the roles of the future within various industries?
I’ll end this post with one final thought: We all need to be in the business of continuous learning. Dr. Seuss is a favorite in our household with his endless wisdom and clever turns of phrase. And, as the good doctor says, “It’s better to learn how to know than to know.
人力资源和工作流程——生产力系统 HR & the flow of work – Systems of Productivity文/J Jerry Moses
以下是Josh Bersin在TechHR 18会议上对人力资源技术趋势的一些见解：
On Day 2 of TechHR18, Josh Bersin,Founder of Bersin by Deloitte, presents a research-based analysis of how a new generation of recruiting, management, learning, career, and employee experience tools are radically disrupting the marketplace
Micro trends are driving change – changes in the HR technology landscape, the way we work, and particularly, the changes in how organizations are being managed and are managing. The world of HR and HR tech is undergoing a significant shift. HR is now over Cloud, Social and Mobile – this is the time for a new breed of systems - intelligent platform strategies that are making HR and its processes real-time, productive, agile and data-driven.
But “Nothing in technology makes sense unless its aligned with the business problems we are trying to solve” as Josh Bersin says. Here are a few insights on HR tech trends from Josh Bersin’s session at TechHR’18.
Technology, Automation, Robotics are here and they work!
According to Bersin’s research, 45 percent of companies are still focused on basic process automation. The business ecosystem is almost a decade into the economic growth, and has a plethora of generations working together in it. We are living longer, the average career spans 70-75 years, and technology is disrupting where we work along with our daily lives. Most of HCM trends, technology, robotics, AI, automation, is actually becoming real. However, we don’t know what to deal with it all because most companies are still struggling with the challenges of the right skills, structures, organizational design, and rewards systems.
Productivity is an issue!
Productivity is lagging. The real key for HR going forward is becoming the Chief of Productivity. If employees use products and tools that the organizations provide to them, employes will feel better, happier, and engaged. And this is the secret of what is going to happen to HR technology – building systems for the HR that make people productive. With agility, team-centric organizations, burnout is becoming an issue while employee engagement and communication tools are overwhelming employees. This is the time for businesses to build HR software that really improves productivity and helps teams work better together?
Business as a social enterprise!
CEOs are now being asked to take social positions on topics and act on behalf of communities, stakeholders, shareholders, and employees and customers. The future of business is in becoming a socially conscious enterprise and here, the most important thing would to be to develop a technology strategy that provides purpose, meaning, transparency and fairness. Businesses can no longer afford to buy technology that implements practices that someone else coded.
Continuous Performance Management has a huge impact – get the tools
Continuous performance management is transformative. It really and truly works! Ratings will not go anywhere but the crucial part will be to build newer and continuous processes for goal setting, coaching, evaluation, and feedback. This is time for organizations to reconsider performance philosophy. Even with the success of the cloud HCM vendors in the market, a comprehensive solution for performance management is not available. “Team-centric” tools will be the future of HCM market in the future.
Big HR Tech vendors are not keeping up
Most of the ERP vendors are struggling to keep up with the evolution and changes in the business ecosystem. ERP vendors are not getting good marks for ease of use, integration, or value to the end users or employees. There is a stiff competition in the ERP market and it is becoming crowded.
Talent management is done!
The whole idea of Talent Management was about pre-hire to retire. But we don’t work like that anymore. Most of us work at many companies during our careers and organizations are also going through change, disruption and reorganization. Managing employees through the entire lifecycle is not really the problem but managing employees in a new management environment that is about teams, empowerment, mission, purpose, clarity and transparency of goals. It’s a totally different management environment and we need tools to deal with that.
How we pay people will be disrupted
The most disrupted area of HR to come is the way we pay people. Only 1 in 5 companies believes that their rewards system is actually aligned with their corporate strategy. We are still paying people the way we did in the past — salary bands, annul reviews, policies of secrecy and who is getting paid what – all this will be disrupted and we will have a whole new set of tools for employee experience.
Corporate Learning is the real deal!
Platforms like Degreed and Edcast are transforming corporate learning — experience platforms, micro-learning platforms, modernized LMS systems, AI-based systems to recommend learning, find learning, and deliver learning, and Virtual Reality-based learning are giving employees and organizations all the things they need.
Employee wellbeing market has the true potential
It’s all about the moments that matter. There is a need to improve productivity but there is a significant impetus on employee wellbeing, reducing the cognitive overload and augmenting human performance. This vendor market is moving fast. The new world of work will be about “engagement, productivity, and wellbeing” all in one.
ONA software market is now growing
With the explosion of HRMS data, wellbeing data, networking data, among many other forms of structured and unstructured data, HR is struggling to deal issues of ethics, privacy, and becoming more transparent about the analytics they are doing. The Organizational Network Analytics is growing and so is a new world of “relationship analytics”. People Analytics will guarantee success.
Getting into the Flow of Work
Employee experience is the buzzword and we are trying to reform it in a way that applies and improves the work experience of every individual in an organization. Organizations define employee experience as a project of looking at the moments that matter, transitions, periods of time in career where one is stressed and what can HR do to make that easier. But none of the tools are designed to measure or map something like this. All tools are designed for the HR function, not this. There is a new category of software being built to help HR with the employee experience - to shield employees from the complexities of the backend HR systems and deliver all the different things the HR does in the flow of work.
有关智能自动化将如何改变人力资源功能的见解Insights On How Intelligent Automation Will Change The HR Function文/ Darren Burton
麦肯锡全球研究所(McKinsey Global Institute)最近的一项研究发现，60%的职业至少有30%的构成工作可以实现自动化，而全球3%至14%的劳动力将需要转换职业类别。
As a business executive and HR leader, it’s hard to keep track of all the predictions associated with the future of intelligent automation. For example, a recent study by the McKinsey Global Institute identified that 60 percent of occupations have at least 30 percent of constituent work activities that could be automated, and that three to fourteen percent of the global workforce will need to switch occupational categories. These studies make a series of assumptions regarding the types of jobs that will be automated, the pace at which automation will occur, and the various governmental policies that will help or hinder the adoption of these types of technologies.
In today’s market, intelligent automation skills are at a premium.ISTOCK
Regardless of exact magnitude of the change, it’s pretty clear that intelligent automation is going to directly impact HR in a variety of ways—from the role it needs to play within an organization, to the services it needs to provide, to the way HR-related work actually gets accomplished. Within KPMG, as we continue to work with clients in this space and look to transform our own internal HR capability, it is safe to say that HR will play a central role in helping the organization do a few key things:
Dig deeper into how to best enable employee performance.
As much of our early experience has demonstrated, automation can eliminate repetitive tasks and potentially free up a portion of a worker’s overall day. This, of course, raises a whole range of potential questions: What should employees do with the remainder of their time? How do we provide them with the skills needed to handle different tasks? Should their performance be assessed differently? How do they “learn the basics” when basic-level tasks are now handled by an intelligent system? These are precisely the types of questions that the HR professional of the future must be able to help business leaders answer so that they can design jobs and shift roles to make the most of employees’ skills and capabilities.
Plan for a future dependent on IA skills.
In today’s market, intelligent automation skills are at a premium. As one New York Times article joked, “Salaries are spiraling so fast that some joke the tech industry needs a National Football League-style salary cap on A.I. specialists.” Figuring out the skills that are needed to develop, train, and maintain intelligent automation systems and then determining the best way to either build, buy, or borrow those skills can make the difference between spending too much or too little in this marketplace. It will also help in building a value proposition that can attract the right talent to meet a company’s current and future needs.
Prepare leaders to manage the transformation.
The opportunities offered by intelligent automation are equaled by the potential magnitude of change executives will face as they come to terms with significant shifts in their industries and business models. In addition to balancing marketplace shifts with delivery on short-term expectations, they will need to provide guidance to team members who may be going through their own personal and professional transformations. The need to set realistic expectations, involve people in the change process, and help individuals adjust to a world of digital and human labor will test the capabilities of even seasoned change leaders.
Interested in learning more about people challenges associated with intelligent automation? KPMG partners Mark Spears, Robert Bolton, and David Brown have authored two important perspectives, “Rise of the Humans” and “Rise of the Humans 2,” that provide useful insights into the topic.
如何为人力分析专业人士创造职业道路-How to create career paths for people analytics professionals（续）文/David Green
LEADING THE PEOPLE ANALYTICS TEAM
7. Turning towards your role as a People Analytics Leader, what would your advice be to someone who is new to this role or who aspires to be a Head of People Analytics in the future?
I think everyone has different strengths and experiences, which means their approach will vary with regards to them proving successful as a people analytics leader. But based on my personal experiences and observations of others, I can share five attributes that I think apply universally and are important to being an effective leader in this space.
Prioritise: Whether you have a small or large people analytics team, it will never be big enough to meet all the demands of your clients, particularly as awareness of the team’s capabilities grow. So, it is critical for the people analytics leader to learn (and teach!) how to relentlessly prioritise the projects on which the team will spend its time and effort. A good rule of thumb is to think about the magnitude of business impact that an analysis has the potential to deliver, or a key relationship that it can help build in the business for future collaborations and sponsorship. Many teams even use formal prioritisation grids to help the process, but ultimately the leader needs to ensure that the criteria used to allocate resources to projects aligns with the vision and mission of the people analytics team (which in turn, should align with the objectives of the enterprise).
It is critical for the people analytics leader to learn (and teach!) how to relentlessly prioritise the projects on which the team will spend its time and effort.
Position: A critical skill for a people analytics leader is the ability to effectively position analyses before the right decision-makers at the right time to maximise positive outcomes and build a strong people analytics brand. This is probably one of, if not the most, important part of being a people analytics leader. On many occasions, brilliant workforce analyses have been underutilised in their original scope, but a good leader knows how to find the right opportunities to repurpose, combine and present this work. This is not only important in gaining prestige and recognition for people analytics, but also for boosting the morale of the team.
Connect: There is a small, but growing, community of people analytics leaders globally who collectively have a spectacular amount of experience and knowledge. Fortunately, this community is inclusive and generous, in terms of sharing their knowledge and connections with others in the field. The group is a great resource to learn about new technologies, techniques, vendors, and also receive tips and tricks that can help a new leader to avoid mistakes and grab the right opportunities. Most importantly, as you build new professional connections you also begin building friendships that are a support network to help you navigate this fairly ambiguous, new(ish) space of people analytics.
Evolve: Since a people analytics leader needs to have some depth in analytical methods, it is always a good idea to read, listen and learn. Thanks to social media there are amazing resources available, many of them free, that any analytics leader can and should leverage to keep oneself updated and evolving. There are some extremely prolific writers (like David Green!) who share both original and curated content on various forums including LinkedIn. Whether you are looking for detailed tutorials on advanced data science methods or want to learn about the latest technological breakthrough and its application to people data, there is a publication, podcast, or video out there on it. Another reason why this mind set of curiosity and awareness is important is because the people analytics space is sensitive primarily due to ethics and privacy reasons; and keeping a handle on that also demands a leader who keeps their eyes and ears open. An important part of being a strong people analytics leader is to keep up with the pace of change externally and bring that learning back to your business.
An important part of being a strong people analytics leader is to keep up with the pace of change externally and bring that learning back to your business
Develop: Last, but certainly not the least, a critical part of being a good people analytics leader is simply being a good leader. This implies being someone who invests in the development of their team. It is of particular importance because it is a space that has attracted a lot of exceptional talent, but still has somewhat limited opportunities for advancement. Therefore, an effective leader needs to invest time and effort in building their own internal and external network; and share it with their teams for their advancement. They should also be committed to actively finding or creating opportunities for their team members to learn new skills and develop themselves as multi-faceted professionals.
An effective leader needs to invest time and effort in building their own internal and external network; and share it with their teams for their advancement
8. One of the challenges I’ve observed in being a people analytics leader is that you have to balance the significant challenge of building capability internally whilst keeping an eye externally on what is a fast-developing field. As a people analytics leader, how do you juggle these two priorities, and how do you keep abreast of what is happening outside the organisation?
I strive to practice the same behaviours that I would advise new people analytics leaders to try. For example, I follow and subscribe to content by certain thought leaders in people analytics and read as many varied publications as possible (blogs, articles, whitepapers, books) which keep me connected to the different aspects of people analytics; from social science to artificial intelligence.
In addition, it really helps to connect with other practitioners in the field from different industries, which I do via both informal and formal peer networks. This helps to broaden one’s worldview, spark new ideas, and offers a forum to ask questions of your peers. Most likely, if you are facing a people analytics quandary, there is a leader out there who has faced it too and would be willing to share their experience.
Finally, there are a plethora of great conference events out there, and the quality and number of these keeps rising every year. I try to participate in at least a few such events every year to learn new things and meet new people.
THE FUTURE OF PEOPLE ANALYTICS
9. What do you believe will be the main trends moving forward in people analytics?
I think that a number of “hot areas” in people analytics will continue to get “hotter” in the future. The idea of employee experience will grow even wider with focus on the end-to-end experience all the way from being a prospective candidate stage to becoming an alumni of the company. This is likely to grow simultaneously with the focus on managing and optimising a new, fluid workforce that may at any one time be full-time and freelance, human and robotic.
I also think that the power of networks will be fully explored and unleashed as research grows and more organisations invest in this space. The applications of network analysis are so varied and relevant, that it should continue to gather steam in the future.
Finally, from my perspective to enable all these types of analyses, one of the most critical areas that will grow in importance will be the study of ethics relating to data use, privacy and security in the space of people analytics.
10. Finally, how do we balance what we can do with what we should do? How concerned are you about areas such as ethics and privacy?
This is a great question, and a difficult one to answer. The frontiers of what is possible are being pushed at a break-neck speed thanks to ever larger datasets being at our disposal faster, and at cheaper cost. And that pace makes it tough to process the implications in real time. In fact, this often leads to an overreaction or the inclination to adopt an overly conservative approach that can hamper some great work in the people analytics space.
That being said, I believe that an extremely important fact to understand about the space we work in is that we should not do something just because it is possible. Besides being legally compliant, the type of work being undertaken in this field needs to put ethics at the very top of the agenda even before beginning work on an analysis. Working closely with the appropriate experts in the practices of employment law, privacy law, ethics, communications, business partners and workers councils is a good way to ensure that besides the legality of the work, its potential impact on people is also being considered through the lens of ethics, privacy, and empathy. Most established organisations have extensive reviews involving these types of stakeholders already in place.
Another way to pressure test the approach from an ethics lens is to share possible outcomes of an analysis with the internal clients beforehand and ask them to articulate what actions they would take in each scenario. Obviously, this method is not possible in every situation, but when applicable it can be a useful “stop and reflect” moment.
The type of work being undertaken in the people analytics field needs to put ethics at the very top of the agenda